Cyberculture (saeeda syed 1027641)

Cyberculture:

Introduction:

The bold text use of WorldWide Web (www) by a people or a group of people for the integration or exchange of social expectations, custom, history and language is called cyber culture.

Like the real world has been dived into regions, counties and blocks, the same way the cyber world has been divided into different web spheres. In cyberspace the countries are partially represented by the country domains. The cyber culture has brought great impact on human individual’s life. In education the style of teaching learning has changed. The student teacher interactivity can be formed online with meeting face to face. The cyber culture has great influence in the business world. The use of internet for emails and other social networks is our participation in the cyber culture.

Like every culture has its own language, the cyber culture is not the exception to this rule. It converts the human written language or symbols to machine language and reconverts to human understandable language so the people on the destination can understand. Now a day’s specially in online chatting the cyber language is creates of new codes which affects our daily spoken language. For example ASL is using from Age, Sex and Location. These types of new codes have some influences on our culture.

BOOK: “The Emerging Cyberculture: Literacy, Paradigm, and Paradox Publisher”:
Stephanie Gibson, Ollie O. Oriedo, Ollie O. Oviedo
(Hampton Press Communication Series) (March 2000) ISBN-10: 1572731966

In book chapter ‘Developing a Concept of Self in Cyberspace Communities’ Sue Barnes explained that due to worldwide use of computer network people are now able to get together and form cyber communities that can exchange messages easily through cyberspace. Physically meeting has been reduced due to introduction of cyber meetings.
The author defined that any group that stays together over a long period of time eventually feels that they need to meet face to face, when they meet face to face the virtual feelings and expectations created online do not always match into reality. To get rid of this problem group members created the strong belief that physical appearance and real world personalities would be secondary to established online relationship.
The book is helpful and provides an organized framework that some people have lack of self confidence about their physical appearance and these issues are normally not a matter in online communication. However with approaching party, it becomes main theme in electronic dialogues. Some people want to disclose their physical feature to their Virtual friends because they do not want to disappoint them when they want to build a relation. In this way they created new group standard to accept each other no matter how they look, but still the standard virtual id not a real one. Usually people pretend what they are not.

BOOK: “Cyberculture: The key concepts”
David Bell, Brian D. Loader, Nicholas Pleace and Douglas Schuler : Publisher: Routledge. Place of Publication: London. Publication Year: 2004.

The book introduces main themes and concepts in this rapidly growing field of cyberculture. According to author the cyber space is a term used to describe the space created through the confluence of electronic communications networks such as the internet which enables computer mediated communication between any numbers of people who may geographically dispersed around the globe. Cyberspace is a public space where individuals can meet, exchange ideas, share information, provide social support, conduct business etc. The writer defined that human interaction does not require to shared physical or bodily connection to communicate, but is rather characterized by the interconnection of millions of people throughout the world through chat room, email, facebook etc.
Each chapter follows more or less the same outline, definition of basic concepts, introduction to the key theories used by various authors. It is also explained that cultural imperialism is a process of domain whereby the most economically powerful countries in the world attempt to maintain and exploit their superiority by subjugating the values, traditions and cultures of the majority of poorer countries and replacing them with their own cultural perspectives.
In this book the author give refers cyber libertarianism, which is to a perspective which claims that cyberspace and internet should be regarded as uncontrolled and unregulated electronic spaces where anyone is free to be whatever they wish and express themselves however they like to communicate and show to the world.
The communities too will be transformed by the technologically- led Third Waves society, cyber space play an important role knitting together in the diverse communities of tomorrow, facilitating the creation of “electronic neighborhoods” bound together not by geography but by shared interests.

BOOK: The Cultures of Computing
LeighStar,S. ‘The Cultures of Computing’ . Blackwell Publishers.

Star explains in this book how computers are quickly diffused through every creative organizational and domestic setting, by allowing cultural changes in all of them. He explains it was very difficult for scholars of sociology, anthropology etc to tackle with use of computer process. Because now a day’s almost all subjects are linked with computer and information technology and computers are simultaneously intimate and formal opportunity to study a variety of processes, the development of material culture, the formation of practice based networks, the fallibility of language and the relationship between power and infrastructure.
Leigh Star covers many important subjects of culture and computer in his book’ The Cultures of Computing’. In his studies he describes culture as a theme which can help to constitute rigorous approaches to power and technology. The culture is also signifier of discipline and professionalized intellectual location. Second Star also describes culture as an important process in computer related contexts. The processes that constitute meaning in actions and things produce and distribute meaning. The activists are focused on different powers of different actors and this materialistic interest is easily marginalized even in realistic tradition of cultural anthropology.
Third for Leigh Star also mentioned that culture can be the worlds of signification of specific social groups or practices, like culture way, of finance. The meaningful leaving and deposits –notably computing artifacts-as boundary markers of struggles to gain symbolic and material holds over other lives, as we are now on the terrain of ideology and hegemony.
And finally, culture can be a self-conscious, specialized, modern mode and within this frame power becomes the literature and the canon or the selective tradition art. Power and culture lead is to myth that’s why fascination with people how can work diverging interpretations of systems and situations and some work sense. The writer gives reference of Haray that like him we accepted that culture is what where humans become deeply un-natural, and radical strangeness and become both possible and necessary.

Cyberculture: Society, Culture, and the Internet - The Internet: Does It Unite Or Divide?
http://ecommerce.hostip.info/pages/284/Cyberculture-Society-Culture-Internet-INTERNET-DOES-UNITE-OR-DIVIDE.html

In this website the writer mentioned that Cyber culture is heralded to break down borders and barriers, not only between nations but also between groups and individuals separated from each other due to some reasons. As a result, some hold that the Internet creates a more complex mosaic of conditions than ever existed in the physical world.
The author explained that Instead of physical borders separating one people from another, these critics contend, the Internet establishes a border between those uses it and those who do not use internet. This "digital divide" was of rising concern to social activist and policy makers, and to business men as well, who see the divide as a solution to their future marketing strategies. This gap grows as cyberculture drift away from being a specialized domain for technology experts and toward a force driving social change, political policy, economic relations, and cultural life. If cyberculture grows sets the agenda in the dominant culture, those who are cut off from cyberculture will feel more isolated from society and will not be properly updates about latest development and fast change.
The writer mention that the Internet was developed in the United States, like most of the technologies that support U.S. companies were by far the largest share of online business in the early 2000s, and that is the reason that English is the dominant language in internet. So for most of the models of Internet activities originating in the U.S. paradigms, many non-US interests eyed with certain skepticism. Such fears were sometimes linked to broader concerns about globalization, cultural and an economic force, many saw as the sweep of American culture and industry around the rest of the world. On the other hand, who see the Internet as a leveling force suggest that such technologies effectively rolled away local cultures and sovereignty from a level playing field and thus a greater degree of autonomy and competitive leverage for non-American cultures than they would enjoy in the global economy Internet technology.

Current Concepts of Cyberculture
http://macek.czechian.net/defining_cyberculture.htm

In this article, the authors identify cyberculture, within the theoretical framework that have outlined as a wide social and cultural movement that is closely linked to advanced information and communication technologies, and their emergence and development and their cultural colonization. Previous concepts of cyberculture was focused on only certain aspects of what is considered a constitutive elements, cybercultural phenomena but is not covered enough. Moreover, this article explained that they glossed over more interesting views on cyberculture, especially, its contribution is revealed by mythology and ideology of advanced information and communication technologies.
Although the author does not deal with modern cyberculture in more detail, based on the difference between his early cyberculture, as he understand that further developed inherited marginal subcultures' symbolic and cultural activities related to new media.
From the article it is also clear that previously cyberculture, which is understand as a diversified cluster of social groups and their discourses and cultural practices, can be best to be characterized, but new technology of communication will develop more frequent flow of information. Although the narratives discussed in article covers a wide range of topics have a recognizable core that ascribes some features for the technology. They describe it as a change agent for social and cultural change as a new tool of power and empowerment.
The conclusion conceded from essay leads towards two important conclusions that the expectations and values are connected with cyberculture and the advanced system of information and communication technologies were adopted by the large number in society and they became part of day to day political and economic ideology of information technologies.

From the essay it has been concluded that the core of cybercultural narratives are common for all narratives created in early cyberculture and that’s why it is reflected in hopes linked with the supposed characteristics of latest information and communication technologies.

The Effects of Cyberculture
http://www.datehookup.com/content-the-effects-of-cyberculture.htm

The definition provided for cyberculture in this website is that a “cyberculture can be defined as a way of life and even speaking that takes place exclusively online”.

In this website the writer explains that with the creation of the Internet, the lifestyle of people around the world experienced a rapid and dramatic change. This new method of communication accounts for a large part of how people communicate and interact with each other.
Now days there are many social networking sites like Face book, MySpace and Twitter, which all serve to provide links to many friends to maintain their relationship. Users on these sites can post video, audio and text files - that all their friends are able to see - and comment on what other people do. These social networks are means of interactivity between people around world.
Face to face communication are becoming are weaker due to emerging of these social networks. People can first meet in an online chat forum, instead of having coffee together. The People who can not the ability to communicate face to face they can exchange their views, through these network. Business decision can be made through video conferences. The cyber culture is emerging and we need to know the values and believes of this culture. This new culture has great influence of on human culture and in way new uniform global culture is emerging. Cyberspace is an environment which by which user member can interact globally.

Assignment 2:

Introduction: The use of World Wide Web (www) by a people or a group of people for the integration or exchange of social expectations, custom, history and language is called cyber culture.

Like every culture has its own language, the cyber culture is not the exception to this rule. It converts the human written language or symbols to machine language and reconverts to human understandable language so the people on the destination can understand. Now a day’s specially in online chatting the cyber language is creates of new codes which affects our daily spoken language. For example ASL is using from Age, Sex and Location. These types of new codes have some influences on our culture.

Developing a Concept of Self in Cyberspace Communities: Due to worldwide use of computer network people are now able to get together and form cyber communities that can exchange messages easily through cyberspace. Physically meeting has been reduced due to introduction of cyberculture.

Some people have lack of self confidence about their physical appearance and these issues are normally not a matter in online communication. However with approaching party, it becomes main theme in electronic dialogues. Some people want to disclose their physical feature to their Virtual friends because they do not want to disappoint them when they want to build a relation. In this way they created new group standard to accept each other without caring about their physical appearance but still the standard virtual id is not a real one. Usually people pretend what they are not.

The key concepts of cyberspace:The cyberspace is a term used to describe the space created through the confluence of electronic communications networks such as the internet, which enables computer mediated communication between any numbers of people who may geographically dispersed around the globe. Cyberspace is a public space where individuals can meet, exchange ideas, share information, provide social support, conduct business etc. The human interaction does not require physical connection to communicate, but is rather characterized by the interconnection of millions of people throughout the world through chat room, email, facebook etc.

Cultural imperialism is a process of domain whereby the most economically powerful countries in the world attempt to maintain and exploit their superiority by subjugating the values, traditions and cultures of the majority of poorer countries and replacing them with their own cultural perspectives.
The cyber libertarianism, which is to a perspective which claims that cyberspace and internet should be regarded as uncontrolled and unregulated electronic spaces where anyone is free to be whatever they want to express.

The Cultures of Computing:Culture as a theme which can help to constitute rigorous approaches to power and technology. The culture is also signifier of discipline and professionalized intellectual location. Culture is an important process in computer related contexts. The processes that constitute meaning in actions and things produce and distribute meaning. The activists are focused on different powers of different actors and this materialistic interest is easily marginalized even in realistic tradition of cultural anthropology.

Cyber culture is heralded to break down borders and barriers, not only between nations but also between groups and individuals separated from each other due to some reasons. As a result, some hold that the Internet creates a more complex mosaic conditions, ever existed in the physical world.

Instead of physical borders separating one people from another, these critics contend, the Internet establishes a border between those uses it and those who do not use internet. This "digital divide" was of rising concern to social activist and policy makers, and to business men as well, who see the divide as a solution to their future marketing strategies. This gap grows as cyberculture drift away from being a specialized domain for technology experts and toward a force driving social change, political policy, economic relations, and cultural life. If cyberculture grows set of agenda in the dominant culture, those who are cut off from cyberculture will feel more isolated from society and will not be properly updates about latest development and fast change.

Current Concepts of Cyberculture:The cyberculture is identify within the theoretical framework that have outlined as a wide social and cultural movement that is closely linked to advanced information and communication technologies, and their emergence and development and their cultural colonization. Previous concepts of cyberculture was focused on only certain aspects of what is considered a constitutive element, cybercultural phenomena is not covered enough before. The interesting views on cyberculture is especially when it is contribution a revealed by mythology and ideology of advanced information and communication technologies.

The previously cyberculture, which is understand as a diversified cluster of social groups and their discourses and cultural practices, can be best to be characterized, but new technology of communication will develop more frequent flow of information. Although the narratives discussed in article covers a wide range of topics have a recognizable core that ascribes some features for the technology. They describe it as a change agent for social and cultural change as a new tool of power and empowerment.

The conclusion conceded from essay leads towards two important conclusions that the expectations and values are connected with cyberculture and the advanced system of information and communication technologies were adopted by the large number in society and they became part of day to day political and economic ideology of information technologies.

The Effects of Cyberculture “cyberculture can be defined as a way of life and even speaking that takes place exclusively online”.
With the creation of the Internet, the lifestyle of people around the world experienced a rapid and dramatic change. This new method of communication accounts for a large part of how people communicate and interact with each other.

Now days there are many social networking sites like Face book, MySpace and Twitter, which all serve to provide links to many friends to maintain their relationship. Users on these sites can post video, audio and text files - that all their friends are able to see - and comment on what other people do. These social networks are means of interactivity between people around world.

Face to face communication are becoming are weaker due to emerging of these social networks. People can first meet in an online chat forum, instead of having coffee together. The People who can not the ability to communicate face to face they can exchange their views, through these network. Business decision can be made through video conferences. The cyber culture is emerging and we need to know the values and believes of this culture. This new culture has great influence of on human culture and in way new uniform global culture is emerging. Cyberspace is an environment which by which user member can interact globally.

Conclusion:

The real world has been dived into regions, counties and blocks, the same way the cyber world has been divided into different web spheres. In cyberspace the countries are partially represented by the country domains. The cyber culture has brought great impact on human individual’s life. In education the style of teaching learning has changed. The student teacher interactivity can be formed online with meeting face to face. The cyber culture has great influence in the business world. The use of internet for emails and other social networks is our participation in the cyber culture.

References:

BOOK: “The Emerging Cyberculture: Literacy, Paradigm, and Paradox Publisher”: Stephanie Gibson, Ollie O. Oriedo, Ollie O. Oviedo
(Hampton Press Communication Series) (March 2000) ISBN-10: 1572731966
BOOK: “Cyberculture: The key concepts” David Bell, Brian D. Loader, Nicholas Pleace and Douglas Schuler: Publisher: Routledge. Place of Publication: London. Publication Year: 2004.
BOOK: **The Cultures of Computing: By Susan Leigh Starr, editor. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996. ISBN 0-631-19282-4)
The Effects of Cyberculture:**
http://www.datehookup.com/content-the-effects-of-cyberculture.htm
Current Concepts of Cyberculture:
http://macek.czechian.net/defining_cyberculture.htm
Cyberculture: Society, Culture, and the Internet - The Internet: Does It Unite Or Divide? http://ecommerce.hostip.info/pages/284/Cyberculture-Society-Culture-Internet-INTERNET-DOES-UNITE-OR-DIVIDE.html

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